Title VI is part of the 1964 Civil Rights Act that provides that "no person in the United States shall, on the grounds of race, color, national origin (including limited English proficiency) or sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be otherwise subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance."
The use of the word “person” is important as the protections afforded under Title VI apply to anyone, regardless of whether the individual is lawfully present in the United States or a citizen of a state within the United States. The Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1987 clarified the intent of Title VI to include all programs and activities of federal-aid recipients and contractors whether those programs and activities are federally funded or not. The Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970 prohibit unfair and inequitable treatment of persons as a result of projects that are undertaken with federal financial assistance. In addition to Title VI, there are other nondiscrimination statutes that afford legal protection. These statutes include Section 162 (a) of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1973 (23 USC 324) (sex), the Age Discrimination Act of 1975 (age), and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973/Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 (disability).
The City of Holland Title VI Plan outlines the City's commitments to comply with Title VI and provide complaint and resolution guidelines who feel that they have been discriminated against in any City program, service or activity.